Auto Glass Repair and Replacement


The Automotive Glass Replacement Safety Standard (the AGRSS Standard ™)—sets out the procedures to be followed for the proper replacement of auto glass. The Standard is developed and maintained by the Auto Glass Safety Council (AGSC). The current Standard is ANSI/AGSC/AGRSS 003-2015. A copy can be purchased for $29 through the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).



The Repair of Laminated Auto Glass (the ROLAGS Standard™)-defines the conditions under which auto glass can and cannot be repaired (the break in the glass remediated) and when it must be replaced (the glass removed and new glass put in). The Standard called ANSI/NWRA/ROLAGS 001-2014 is developed and maintained by the National Windshield Repair Association (NWRA) and can be viewed online.


Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS):

There are a number of Federal standards issued by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to implement laws from Congress that also come into play in the aftermarket repair and replacement of auto glass. Though these standards were developed for new cars, they have implications in the repair and replacement of auto glass as well. They are:


FMVSS 111 — Provides standards for the devices and systems used to see out the rear of the car, including mirrors.

FMVSS 205 — The motherlode Standard for glass in vehicles, this Standard is simply called “Glazing Materials” and defines the specifications for use of glass and glazing in vehicles.

FMVSS 208 — Is the Standard for Occupant Crash Protection. Few people know this, but the windshield is an integral part of the occupant protection system. In fact, a windshield that was installed improperly can keep the airbags from functioning properly.

FMVSS 212 – Explains how the windshield should be mounted in the car. This Standard is for new cars but it does have implications for those who replace glass as well.

FMVSS 214 — is a standard designed to protect occupants in the case of side impact and reduce fatalities from the same. It specifies strength requirements for the side of the vehicle, including glass.

FMVSS 216 — is a standard designed to protect occupants from roof crush an. It specifies strength requirements for the roof and supports of the vehicle, including glass.

FMVSS 219 — An important standard that specifies the amount the windshield is allowed to be displaced during a crash. The purpose of this standard is reduce crash injuries and fatalities that result from components displaced near or through the windshield.

FMVSS 226 — An important standard that mitigates the changes of ejection through side windows during a crash.

Windshield Quality:

SAE J673-201506—This recommended practice was developed by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) mainly for car body engineers and designers. It includes nominal specifications for curvature, flatness, size and fabrication. It is a successor to the Z26.1 Standard. Though not written for the layperson,
the 8-page document is available from SAE for $74.

Door Hardware Standards: bhma

The Builders Hardware Manufacturer’s Association has developed many standards which have implications when choosing new doors hardware for homes and businesses. They are:

ANSI/BHMA 156.1 – is a standard that sets up the requirements for butts and hinges. It states that manufacturers should specify the grade qualifications of their hinges and that these hardware components must pass testing in accordance with their grade.

ANSI/BHMA 156.2 – is a standard for bored and preassembled locks. It specifies that locks shall meet all tests for their grade listing.

ANSI/BHMA 156.3 – An important standard that establishes requirements for exit devices.

ANSI/BHMA 156.4 – is a standard that contains guidelines for door closers as well as the pivots for floor closers.

ANSI/BHMA 156.5 – This standard intends to provide an equal, uniform and repeatable testing of locking cylinders. Each testing section recognizes the tools relevant to that specific test.

ANSI/BHMA 156.6 – An important standard that includes requirements for door protection plates, door pulls, door edgings and pool bars.

ANSI/BHMA 156.7 – is a standard that provides a constant method for template identification. It covers different types of builders template hinges.

ANSI/BHMA 156.8 – A standard that establishes requirements for overhead door stops and holders.

ANSI/BHMA 156.9 – Provides standards that contain requirements for cabinet hardware, including hinges.

ANSI/BHMA 156.10 – is a standard that provides ways to reduce the chance of user injury or entrapment. It specifies dimensions of different components of power operated doors for pedestrian use.

ANSI/BHMA 156.11 – An important standard that states the requirements for cabinet locks. Its purpose is to provide an equal and repeatable testing of locking cylinders.

ANSI/BHMA 156.12 – Provides performance requirements for interconnected locks, including finish tests.

ANSI/BHMA 156.13 – Explains how the grade qualifications shall be classified in two separate grades, which are operational grades and security grades. It specifies strength requirements for Mortise locks and latches, including dimension criteria.

ANSI/BHMA 156.14 – is a standard designed to protect consumers in case of a fire emergency. It specifies requirements for sliding door hardware used on sliding type fire doors.

ANSI/BHMA 156.15 – Provides standards for door closers integrated with hold-open devices and includes the end users to test the product after it has been installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s criteria.

ANSI/BHMA 156.16 – Provides requirements for auxiliary hardware.

ANSI/BHMA 156.17 – An important standard that initiates demands for self-closing hinges and pivots, including operational tests.

ANSI/BHMA 156.18 – is a standard that initiates finish test methods and code numbers. It specifies the five categories of finishes.

ANSI/BHMA 156.19 – Informs customers about the use of swing door operators. It specifies provisions intended to reduce the chance of user injury or entrapment

ANSI/BHMA 156.20 – Provides requirements for hinges and hasps and includes performance tests that go over operational and strength criteria.

ANSI/BHMA 156.21 – Explains the requirements for thresholds. This standard includes strength and gasketing tests as well as fastening systems.

ANSI/BHMA 156.22 – is a standard designed to evaluate resistance to smoke and air infiltration and the life and durability of gasketing systems.

ANSI/BHMA 156.23  – Issues requirements for electromagnetic locks, including cyclical and dynamic tests. It specifies the uses of this product for access control.

ANSI/BHMA 156.24 – is a standard that goes over products used in relation with conventional exit devices as well as what causes locks to stay locked after releasing actuation for a set amount of time.

ANSI/BHMA 156.25 – An important standard that covers the four functional components of electrified locking systems.

ANSI/BHMA 156.26 – is a standard that informs consumers about the requirements of continuous hinges in building construction.

ANSI/BHMA 156.27 –  is a standard that includes provisions to protect individuals from injury or entrapment with power operated revolving type doors.

ANSI/BHMA 156.28 – An important standard that issues design criteria to initiate and preserve a secure keying system.

ANSI/BHMA 156.29 – Provides requirements for exit locks, exit alarms and alarms for exit devices.

ANSI/BHMA 156.30 – A standard that states the requirements for both mechanical and electrified high-security cylinders.

ANSI/BHMA 156.31 – Explains the requirements for electric strikes and frame mounted actuators.

ANSI/BHMA 156.32 – is a standard that intended to inform customers about how to assemble integrated door openings. It states that they should include a door, frame, hanging device and a latching mechanism at least.

ANSI/BHMA 156.34 – An important standard that issues test methods for ligature resistant trim on both bored and mortise locks.

ANSI/BHMA 156.36 – An important standard that covers the five classifications of tests for auxiliary locks.

ANSI/BHMA 156.37 – Provides performance requirements for multipoint locks and incorporates the five types of tests. Results vary due to factors such as installation, door construction and environmental conditions.

ANSI/BHMA 156.38 – Explains how users can decrease their chance of injury or entrapment with low energy power operated sliding and folding doors.

ANSI/BHMA 156.39 – A standard that informs users of the requirements for residential locksets and latches. It specifies who Residential lockets and latches are normally used for.

ANSI/BHMA 156.40 – An important standard that states what is required for making residential deadbolts and deadlatches. It includes durability and finish tests.

ANSI/BHMA 156.41 – Provides requirements for door and door hardware to follow with code requirements for single operation egress.

ANSI/BHMA 156.115 – An important standard that includes all dimensional qualities for hardware products in steel doors and frames.

ANSI/BHMA 156.115W – Provides standards that cover all dimensional characteristics for hardware products in wood doors and metal or wood frames.